Urban waste management concept

Not to throw out garbage, but to hand it over for recycling and disposal is an effective way to help the environment. In this article, we will consider the solid household waste management system introduced in recent years in Kazakhstan.
The traditional solution to the problem of waste-their removal to landfills (landfills) – has already proved its inefficiency and danger. Landfills create an excessive burden on the environment and are the direct culprits of soil degradation, groundwater pollution and emissions of hazardous substances and greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
In 2014, Kazakhstan adopted a program for the modernization of the solid waste management system. The program states that by 2020, the share of recycled waste from the total volume of solid waste should be at least 10%, and by 2050 – 50%. Also, within the framework of the program, by 2050, the share of collecting packaging materials, paper and glass from the population and manufacturers in cities and agglomerations should be 80% of the total volume of solid household waste.

The reuse of waste makes it possible to reduce the area of landfills and save natural resources. Recyclable materials are several types of household and industrial waste that are potentially suitable for reuse for the benefit of humans. Secondary raw materials include cardboard, waste paper, polyethylene, plastic, glass — everything from which you can get a secondary product.

Recycling collection points have been opened in Almaty and special services are working that are engaged in receiving plastic-with departure.
The project to open points for receiving secondary raw materials from individuals in the city of Almaty: helps to instill a culture of sorting garbage to the population, helps to solve the issue of recycling paper waste, promotes sustainable development within the framework of the "green" economy, reflects the principles of environmental friendliness and social responsibility.

Recyclable materials accepted for processing at city reception points:
PAPER-Accepted: books (without covers), paper, cardboard. It must be tied up or packed in a box.
Not accepted: tetra-pack packaging (milk and juice bags), egg trays, napkins and toilet paper, disposable tableware, cigarette packs.
PLASTIC is accepted: beverage bottles, aluminum cans that need to be rinsed and crushed.
Not accepted: vegetable oil bottles, all other plastics.
GLASS-Accepted: clean glass bottles and cans, whole and without lids.
Not accepted: broken or dirty objects, ceramic dishes, window glass.
According to statistics, 57% of residents of Almaty are ready to start separating garbage if there are tanks for different types of waste in the city, another 6% of residents already share waste at home and hand it over for recycling. For example, each resident can make a significant contribution to the environmental protection of our city by observing just a few rules:
1. Carry a reusable fabric shopping bag with you, then you will not need plastic bags, which are mostly not recycled.
2. Take hazardous waste (batteries, energy-saving lamps, batteries) to special reception points.
3. Try to start separating waste from one thing, for example, from plastic bottles or waste paper, and take the recyclables as they accumulate to the reception points.